CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES : EPIDEMIOLOGY

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES : EPIDEMIOLOGY

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Most common cause of death worldwide –

Correct! Wrong!

ANSWER -A
CVD -17.9 million deaths worldwide (32%) - 2015

CVD accounts for -------------------------of deaths worldwide:

Correct! Wrong!

ANSWER -C
CVD accounts for 32% of deaths worldwide

Normal body mass index to maintain for healthy life –

Correct! Wrong!

ANSWER -B
Normal body weight for adults - body mass index 20–25 kg/m2

What is the recommended dietary sodium intake per day –

Correct! Wrong!

ANSWER -B
Recommended dietary sodium intake per day – <100 mmol/ day or <6 g of sodium chloride or <2.4 g of sodium per day

Dietary changes shown to reduce blood pressure –

Correct! Wrong!

ANSWER -A
DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. The DASH diet is a lifelong approach to healthy eating that's designed to help treat or prevent hypertension.

Foods high in unsaturated fat include all of the following EXCEPT:

Correct! Wrong!

ANSWER -D
Foods high in unsaturated fat include: oily fish, avocados,nuts and seeds,sunflower, rapeseed, olive and vegetable oils. Foods that contain saturated fat - coconut or palm oil

Fish is a dietary source of omega-3 oils
1. Fish do not synthesize omega-3 oils
2. Fish obtain omega-3 oils from the algae or plankton.
3. Fish synthesize omega-3 oils
4. Large Fish has higher capacity of synthesis of omega-3 oils .

Correct! Wrong!

ANSWER -A
Although fish is a dietary source of omega-3 oils, fish do not synthesize them; they obtain them from the algae (microalgae in particular) or plankton in their diets

Normally ……………….. is the only bicuspid valve present in the body at birth:

Correct! Wrong!

ANSWER -A
Mitral Valve

Which is the most common cause of heart disease present at birth -

Correct! Wrong!

ANSWER -C
BAV is the most common cause of heart disease present at birth and affects approximately 1.3% of adults.

What percent of individuals with Holt–Oram syndrome also have congenital heart problems?

Correct! Wrong!

ANSWER -D
75 percent of individuals with Holt–Oram syndrome also have congenital heart problems/

All of the following are correct for Holt–Oram syndrome EXCEPT –

Correct! Wrong!

ANSWER -B
Bone abnormalities may affect only one side of the body or both sides. 85 percent of cases, the gene mutation isn't inherited, but a new mutation.

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